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In 2001, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) adopted a Strategy and Results Framework for Comprehensive Disaster Management. The goal was to integrate disaster management into decisions and development activities before the hazard impact. This approach moved away from the traditional “response and relief” mode to a comprehensive mode to include all phases of the disaster management cycle and all sectors of society. Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) was accepted by member Governments of the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency as the direction for the 21st century. In 2007, CDEMA developed the CDM Strategy and Programme Framework 2007 - 2012.
In addition to the regional strategy, there is the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005 - 2015, Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters, adopted by 168 member states (including Trinidad and Tobago) of the United Nations in 2005 at the World Disaster Reduction Conference. In 2007, the Words in Action: A Guide to Implementing the Hyogo Framework was produced by the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Secretariat. The Caribbean Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action has also been documented.
Locally, Trinidad and Tobago drafted the Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago in 2010.
Comprehensive Disaster Management
CDM includes attention to all phases of the disaster management cycle - prevention, mitigation, preparedness, and response, recovery and rehabilitation. Its emphasis on risk reduction reflects the global trend in disaster management. CDM was adopted by Caricom governments in 2001.
The outright avoidance of adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters.
The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters.
The knowledge and capacities developed by governments, professional response and recovery organizations, communities and individuals to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from, the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions.
The provision of emergency services and public assistance during or immediately after a disaster in order to save lives, reduce health impacts, ensure public safety and meet the basic subsistence needs of the people affected.
The restoration, and improvement where appropriate, of facilities, livelihoods and living conditions of disaster-affected communities, including efforts to reduce disaster risk factors.
The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency.
Critical Facilities Protection
The use of risk management strategies, plans and procedures to reduce the risk of and enhance resilience to the impact of natural and man-made hazards on Critical Facilities.
Disaster Risk Reduction
The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.
References/ Further Reading:
- CDM Strategy and Programme Framework 2007- 2012 (Download in PDF Format)
- Comprehensive Approach to Disaster Management in the Caribbean (Download in PDF Format)
- Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago in 2010. (Download in PDF Format)
- Dr Stephen Ramroop Strategies for the Improvement of Structural Vulnerability (Download in PDF Format)